Matricaria chamomile Other Names: Camomile, Chamomile, Wild Chamomile, Sweet Chamomile, German
Chamomile, Hungarian Chamomile, Mayweed, Scented Mayweed, Pineapple Weed
Chamomile Herb Pictures by Karen Bergeron Copyright 2003-2007. Permission required to use any herb pictures from this
site. High Resolution Herb Stock Photos click here Free Herb Pictures for web sites, click here Chamomile Herbal Use and Medicinal Properties
Internal UseChamomile is one of the most widely used flowers for herbal tea. Chamomile Tea is so popular, it is
found in most grocery stores in the tea aisle. It is used as a mild sedative, and is good for insomnia as well as
many other nervous conditions. It is nervine and sedative especially suited to teething children and those who have
been in a highly emotional state over a long period of time. Except for the small risk of allergy, Chamomile is
also one of the safest herbs to use.
Chamomile flowers are used in alternative medicine as an anodyne, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, nervine,
stomachic, tonic, vasodilatory. The anti-inflammatory properties make it good for rheumatism, arthritis, and other
painful swellings. Additional uses in herbal medicine include an antispasmodic for intestinal and menstrual cramps,
relieving gas pains, and a very mild but efficient laxative. Milder tea in large doses is given throughout the day
for fevers, sore throats, the aches and pains due to colds, flu, and allergies. External Use
An infusion of Chamomile flowers is used as a hair shampoo, especially for fair hair. The flowers are
sometimes added to cosmetics as an anti-allergenic agent or made into a salve for use on hemorrhoids and wounds.
The dried herb is made into potpourri and herb pillows, and is burned for aromatherapy. Applied externally as a
wash or compress for skin inflammations, sunburn, burns, and added to bath for relaxing tired, achy muscles and
feet, and softening the skin.
Chamomile tea is used as a liquid feed and plant tonic, effective against a number of plant diseases. An
essential oil from the whole plant is used as a flavoring and in making perfume. The dried flowers are used as an
The chief constituent of Chamaemelum have been identified as esters of angelic and tiglic, together with amyl
and isobutyl alcohol's. It also contains anthemol and a hydrocarbon anthemene. The flowers contain various volatile
oils including proazulenes. Upon steam distillation these proazulenes produce chamazulene, this is remarkably
anti-allergenic and is useful in the treatment of asthma and hay fever.
Habitat and Description
(Matricaria chamomilla) Wild Chamomile is an annual herb originally from Europe which has escaped to the
wild and is now naturalized on almost every continent. It can now be found growing along fence rows, roadsides, and
in sunny open fields from Southern Canada to Northern U.S. west to Minnesota. The branched stem is somewhat erect,
round, hollow, and grows to about 20 inches tall. The leaves are bipinnate, finely divided, light green and
feathery. The flowers are daisy-like about 1 inch across and bloom from May to October. The entire plant has a
pineapple scent (apple to some) and planted in the garden is said to help sickly plants to grow. Gather the above
ground parts as soon as flowers bloom, dry for later herb use.
History and Folklore
It is said that the Egyptians dedicated Chamomile to their sun god and valued it over all other herbs for its
healing qualities. Due to its sedative and relaxing properties Chamomile was an ingredient in some love potions in
the middle ages.
Chamomile Herb Recipe Ideas
The flowers are edible and quite tasty in salads or made into a refreshing cold or warm beverage.
Relaxing tea: To 1 cup boiling water add 2 tsp. dried flowers. Steep covered for 10 min.
For Bath: Use ? to 1 cup fresh or dried herb tied in linen bag. Place in tub with hot water let soak for 10 min.
then add cold water to the temp. you like. Do not add soap to bath, as it will coat your skin and not allow the
Chamomile to penetrate.
Also for colds or when you feel really bad, try the tea while you?re soaking in the bath.
Article by Deb Jackson & Karen Bergeron Copyright 1998-2005
Botanical.com Chamomile Information
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